1 استادیار دانشگاه تهران
2 استادیار دانشگاه عالی دفاع ملی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Discussion about Islamic Culture and civilization and elements of its evolution and development is complex and needs comprehensive review. Why and how Islam emerged among Arabs who in comparison with other nations had not enjoyed considerable background and civilization and could develop and unite them, is a basic issue and deserves a separate review. But the issue that development and evolution of Islamic culture and civilization emanate from dissemination and propagation of Islamic teachings by Muslims Arabs on one hand and its integration with civilization and culture legacies of other nations, on the other, is the main topic of current research. The role of prominent and learned Iranian families in the interaction process of two Islamic and Iranian cultures till 4th Hejira century has been reviewed and explained in this article, so that while avoiding generalizing view, the role of one of the elements of such process can be recognized.