دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Madrasas and Madrasa Education, in terms of both quantity and quality, attained a remarkable progress in Ottoman Classic period, and reached the height of its splendor with the establishing of Fâtih’s Sahn-i Thimân Madrasas(875 A.H) and Sulaymâniyya Madrasas (965 A.H.). Undoubtedly, numerous factors and variables had a role in the occurrence of this historical and the educational- cultural phenomenon in this period in Ottoman lands. The needs of the Ottoman State to develop the administrative and judicial organizations and to provide specialists for these institutions, led efforts of the Ottoman Sultans to establish several Madrasas. Political stability and favorable economic situation provided possibility of large investments in order to expanded Madrasas. Other factors such as Widespreading of Waqf tradition, immigration of well-known scholars from around the Muslim world to Ottoman territory and policy of Ottoman Government in support of the Sunni Islam (tasanun-i fikâhati va Madrasa-yi), for their part, caused the expansion of Madrasas in the Ottoman lands in the classic period.