نوع مقاله : پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری پژوهش هنر دانشگاه شاهد
2 دانشیار گروه هنر و معماری دانشگاه تربیت مدرس
عنوان مقاله [English]
Mapping is an ancient subject in Islamic civilization. The geographical maps of the Islamic period have always been analyzed from the perspective of geography and history, but they didn’t receive enough attention in aspect of textual and visual aesthetics. This study aimed to determine the visual features and properties of the Islamic geographic maps, focusing on Masālik and Mamālik manuscripts preserved in Malik National Library and Museum. The method of research is analytical-descriptive and necessary information has been collected by desk research. The findings from the research shows: (1) the visual elements of these maps are simplified to display geographical regions and phaenomena; (2) these elements have been affected by not only preceding and contemporary miniature schools, but also basic principles of Balkhī mapping school. Considering their principles of representation and drawing, these maps can be considered as former versions of the current maps.